Play-opening Type III

  • Organisation

    Two 8 x 8 meter squares are built in line with the penalty area on the flanks (left and right). Two more are built on the flanks 35 meters away. As is one in the centre of the field in line with the penalty area and one on the semi-circle on the half-way line. The goalkeeper goes in goal and in each square 2 outfield players position themselves (see diagram).
  • Process

    2 Players stand in each square. One player receives the ball, the other passes it on. The sequence is as follows: A1 passes to the Goalkeeper, who plays a long ball to A3, who touches it to A4. A4 now plays a long ball to A2. B1 passes to the goalkeeper, who throws a long ball to B3, who touches it to B4. B4 then plays a long ball to B2. C1 passes to the goalkeeper, who plays a drop-kick to C3, who touches it to C4. C4 then finally passes a long ball to C2. The respective groups of passes start in the following way: 1. A1 passes to the goalkeeper. 2. After the goalkeeper’s pass to A3, B1 starts his pass to the goalkeeper. 3. After the goalkeeper’s pass to B3, C1 starts his pass to the goalkeeper. 4. After the goalkeeper’s pass to C3, A1 starts his pass to the goalkeeper etc. Equipment: 1 Full-size goal, 24 cones.
  • Tip

    - Precise passing. - Communicate with each other. Help each other and call for the ball. -The goalkeeper can decide, whether he plays the ball out by throwing, rolling, goal kick, clearance or pass. - With this type of play, a game appropriate play-opening for the goalkeeper is studied. - Laces: The tip of the foot points down, the ankle is tensed and the torso is bent slightly over the ball. The contact area is the area behind the heel. In order to achieve a long length on the ball, a slight back lift is permitted. - Side foot: The ball will be played partly with the side foot and partly with laces. The standing leg is positioned to the side next to the ball and the players torso moves into a slanted position. The toes point down, similar to the foot positioning by laces shot. Clearance technique: Dropkick: When performing a dropkick contact with the ball is made with the laces at exactly the moment that it hits the ground. - When performing a frontal volley, the torso is bent slightly over the ball. The ball is thrown slightly forward and met at a low point (not too high) in this way the ball receives strong pressure and a high degree of accuracy. The area of contact is the laces. In order to gain greater distance it makes sense to position the torso upright or lean backwards slightly. - When performing a volley from the side the standing leg is positioned laterally next to the ball and the player’s torso is angled. The toes point down, similar to a shot with the laces. The point of contact is the laces, the shooting leg is tilted at an angle and ball is lightly guided/thrown by the hand to the shooting leg. - When performing a lateral throw out, the arm is stretched back like a javelin thrower, and ball laid in the open hand. The stretched out arm is then powerfully thrown forwards, just missing the ear. The Stem-step is important here. When the Goalkeeper throws with the right hand, the left leg is offset forwards to the side, and vice versa when throwing with the left hand. You can practice throwing techniques against a net, and afterwards incorporate the throwing action into shooting practice, in that after a ball is held, it has to be thrown into one of the goals built on the pitch. - When rolling the ball, he places the ball in his palm, the leg closest to the ball steps forward and both legs are bent (crouched position). When rolling with the right arm, the left leg is accordingly placed in front of the right. At the same time the bodyweight is placed on the left leg. The right arm is guided powerfully forwards toward the ground and thereby the ball placed on the ground. The hand thrusts the ball forwards and dictates the direction. The left arm makes an exactly opposite backswing movement, parallel to the left Hand‘s rolling movement. The torso is bent slightly forwards. - The receiving and dribbling of the ball can either occur with the inside or outside of the left/right foot. - With high passes/backpasses the ball has to be brought under control at the moment it touches the ground. If carried out correctly, the ball does not jump up off the ground and can therefore be carried/processed directly. - In order to prevent the ball from bouncing up and guarantee a fast and fluid reception and dribbling of the ball, the goalkeeper has to have at his command good timing and the correct ball processing techniques. - In the example of receiving the ball and dribbling with the right instep, the motion sequence looks like so: the goalkeeper has to take the ball with the inside of the foot at the moment that it hits the ground. In addition, the leg is swung from right to left in the direction of the ball. Thereby the foot is lightly guided from top to bottom in the direction of the ball (similarly to the foot movement for a shot at goal, only with a shorter backswing) and this prevents the ball from jumping up. Body weight is solely on the left standing leg. The body weight is shifted to the right through the hips (right shoulder is turned back). The focus is on the ball, whereby the torso is additionally brought slightly over the ball. - When receiving and dribbling with the outside of the foot, the ankle is tilted inside. The lower leg is bent inward at the knee, so that the foot movement from top to bottom and left to right in the direction of the ball can ensue. The area of contact is the complete outside of the foot.
  • Field size



Passing, Trapping, Ball control

Shot technique/shooting [Inside of the laces passing, Laces, Half-volley]


Opening the field


Speed of movement with ball, Speed of movement off the ball

Strength [Leaping strength, Power & Speed]


Quick anticipation, Quick decisioning, Quickness of reaction, Quick understanding of danger

Training Set:

Main point/Emphasis


U14 - U19

U6 - U13 [Under 13, Under 12, Under 11, Under 10, Under 09, Under 8, U 07 (6-7 years)]


20 min

Number of Players:

> 10 players [13 or more playersr]

Form of Training:

Individual training, Team training, Goalkeeper training

Participating Players:

Whole team


1 goalie


Offensive behaviors, Goalkeeper behaviors, Alone training

Skill Level:


Spatial Behavior:


Training Location:

Grass field, Indoor, Forest/meadow, Asphalt, Turf field

Author: Easy2Coach EN GmbH

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Main point/Emphasis

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Similar exercises - Duration:

20 Mins

Mixed skills
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Similar exercises - Author:

Easy2Coach EN GmbH

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